Dr. Nicolas Mouquet

Director of research with the CNRS

MARBEC (MARine Biodiversity, Exploitation and Conservation)

University of Montpellier
Place Eugene Bataillon
34095 Montpellier Cedex 05 - FRANCE

Phone : +33 6 32 46 89 54
Email : nicolas.mouquet (at) cnrs.fr

I am primarily a theoretical community ecologist, with some complementary experience in experimental ecology, microbiology and evolution. I worked on some of the earliest metacommunity models, demonstrating how dispersal among local communities may affect both local and regional diversity. These models are important for formalizing our understanding of metacommunity dynamics. I am now incorporating elements of network ecology and ecosystem functioning into this framework.I also have integrated elements of evolutionary dynamics in my research program mainly by developing experimental approaches with microorganisms to study how evolution can shape relationships between diversity and ecosystem functioning. I am now interested in disentangling the factors that shape the different facets of biodiversity in marine ecosystems and the study of the relationship between aesthetic and biodiversity.


Potential postdocs and students interested in research on community ecology are welcome. Please submit a CV and a brief statement of interest.

List of Publications


[86] Fournier, B.,Mouquet, N., Leibold, M.A., Gravel, D.(2016). An integrative framework of coexistence mechanisms in competitive metacommunities. Ecography, DOI: 10.1111/ecog.02137

[85] Gounand, I., Kefi, S.,Mouquet, N., Gravel, D.(2016). Trait selection during food web assembly: the roles of interactions and temperature. Theoretical Ecology, doi:10.1007/s12080-016-0299-7

[84] Jousset, A., Eisenhauer, N., Merker, M.,Mouquet, N., Scheu, S.(2016). High functional diversity stimulates diversification in experimental microbial communities. Science Advances, 2, DOI:10.1098/rsbl.2015.1073

[83] Kadowaki, K., Barbera, C.G., Godsoe, W., Delsuc, F.,Mouquet, N.(2016). Predicting biotic interactions and their variability in a changing environment. Biology letters, DOI:10.1098/rsbl.2015.1073

[82] Poisot, T., Baiser, B.,Dunne, J.A.,Kefi, S.,Massol, F.,Mouquet, N.,Romanuk, T.N.,Stouffer, D.B.,Wood, S.A.,Gravel, D.(2016). MANGAL - making ecological network analysis simple. Ecography, 39, 384-390.

[81] Cazelle, K., Mouquet N., Mouillot, D. and Gravel, D. (2016). On the integration of biotic interaction and environmental constraints at the biogeographical scale. Ecography, 38, 001-011.

[80] Cazelle, K., Araujo, M.B., Mouquet N., and Gravel, D. (2016). A theory for species co-occurrence in interaction networks. Theoretical Ecology, 9, 039-048.

[79] Doxa, A., Holon, F., Deter, J., Villeger, S., Boissery, P. and Mouquet N. (2016). Mapping biodiversity in three-dimensions challenges marine conservation strategies: The example of coralligenous assemblages in North-Western Mediterranean Sea. Ecological Indicators, 61, 1042-1054.


[78] Mouquet N. , Lagadeuc, Y., Devictor, V., Doyen, L., Duputie, A., Eveillard, D., Faure, D., Garnier, E., Gimenez, O., Huneman, P., Jabot, F., Jarne, P., Joly, D., Julliard, R., Kefi, S., Kergoat, G.J., Lavorel, S., Le Gall, L., Meslin, L., Morand, S., Morin, X., Morlon, H., Pinay, G., Pradel, R., Schurr, F.M., Thuiller, W. and Loreau, M. (2015). Predictive Ecology in a Changing World. Journal of Applied Ecology, 52, 1293-1310.

[77] Albouy, C., Leprieur, F., Le Loch, F., Mouquet N., Meynard, C.N., Douzery, E.J.P. and Mouillot, D. (2015). Projected impacts of climate warming on the functional and phylogenetic components of coastal Mediterranean fish biodiversity. Ecography, 38, 681-689.

[76] Guilhaumon, F., Albouy, C., Claudet, J., Velez, L., Lasram, F.B., Tomasini, J.A., Douzery, E.J.P., Meynard, C.N., Mouquet N., Troussellier, M., Araujo, M.B., Mouillot, D. (2015). Representing taxonomic, phylogenetic and functional diversity: new challenges for Mediterranean marine-protected areas. Diversity and Distributions, 21, 175-187.

[75] Holon, F., Mouquet N., Boissery, P., Bouchoucha, M., Delaruelle, G., Tribot, A.S. and Deter, J. (2015). Fine-Scale Cartography of Human Impacts along French Mediterranean Coasts: A Relevant Map for the Management of Marine Ecosystems. PloS one, 10.

[74] Hubert, N., Calcagno, V., Etienne, R.S. and Mouquet N. (2015). Metacommunity speciation models and their implications for diversification theory. Ecology Letters, 18, 864-881.

[73] Warren, B.H., Simberloff, D., Ricklefs, R.E., Aguilee, R., Condamine, F.L., Gravel, D., Morlon, H., Mouquet N., Rosindell, J., Casquet, J., Conti, E., Cornuault, J., Fernandez-Palacios, J.M., Hengl, T., Norder, S.J., Rijsdijk, K.F., Sanmartin, I., Strasberg, D., Triantis, K.A., Valente, L.M., Whittaker, R.J., Gillespie, R.G., Emerson, B.C., Thebaud, C. (2015). Islands as model systems in ecology and evolution: prospects fifty years after MacArthur-Wilson. Ecology Letters, 18, 200-217.


[72] Canard, E.F., Mouquet N., Mouillot, D., Stanko, M., Miklisova, D. & Gravel, D. (2014). Empirical Evaluation of Neutral Interactions in Host-Parasite Networks. The American Naturalist, 183, 468-479.

[71] Gounand, I., Mouquet N., Canard, E., Guichard, F., Hauzy, C. and Gravel, D. (2014). The Paradox of Enrichment in Metaecosystems. The American Naturalist, 184, 752-763.

[70] Mazel, F., Guilhaumon, F., Mouquet N., Devictor, V., Gravel, D., Renaud, J. et al. (2014). Multifaceted diversity-area relationships reveal global hotspots of mammalian species, trait and lineage diversity. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 23, 836-847.

[69] Matias M.G., Gravel D., Guilhaumon F., Desjardins-Proulx P., Loreau M., Munkemuller T. and Mouquet N. (2014). Estimates of species extinctions from species–area relationships strongly depend on ecological contexte. Ecography 37, 1-12.

[68] Monnet, A.C., Jiguet, F., Meynard, C.N., Mouillot, D., Mouquet N., Thuiller, W. et al. (2014). Asynchrony of taxonomic, functional and phylogenetic diversity in birds. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 23, 780-788.

[67] Zupan, L., Cabeza, M., Maiorano, L., Roquet, C., Devictor, V., Lavergne, S. et al. (2014). Spatial mismatch of phylogenetic diversity across three vertebrate groups and protected areas in Europe. Diversity and Distributions, 20, 674-685.


[66] Hauzy C., Nadin G., Canard E., Gounand I. Mouquet N. &amp Ebenman B. (2013). Confronting the Paradox of Enrichment to the Metacommunity Perspective. Plos One, 8, e82969.

[65] Moritz, C., Meynard, C.N., Devictor, V., Guizien, K., Labrune, C., Guarini, J.M., & Mouquet N. (2013). Disentangling the role of connectivity, environmental filtering, and spatial structure on metacommunity dynamics. Oikos, 122, 1401-1410.

[64] Meynard C.M., Lavergne S., Boulangeat I., Garraud L., Van Es J., Mouquet N. & Thuiller W. (2013). Disentangling the drivers of metacommunity structure across spatial scales. Journal of Biogeography, 40, 1560-1571.

[63] Poisot T., Mouquet N. & Gravel D. (2013). Trophic complementarity drives the biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationship in food webs. Ecology Letters, 16, 853-861.

[62] Thuiller, W., Munkemuller, T, Lavergne, S., Mouillot, D., Mouquet, N., Schiffers, K. & Gravel, D. (2013).A road map for integrating eco-evolutionary processes into biodiversity models. Ecology Letters, 16, 94-105.

[61] Mouillot, D., Bellwood, D.R., Baraloto, C., Chave, J., Galzin, R., Harmelin-Vivien, M., Kulbicki, M., Lavergne, L., Lavorel, S., Mouquet, N., Paine, C.E.T., Renaud, J. and Thuiller, T. (2013). Rare Species Support Vulnerable Functions in High- Diversity Ecosystems. PLoS Biology, 11, e1001569.

[60] Loreau, M., Daufresne, T., Gonzalez, A., Gravel, D., Guichard, F., Leroux, S.J., Loeuille, N., Massol, F. and Mouquet, N. (2013). Unifying sources and sinks in ecology and Earth sciences. Biological Review, 88, 365-79.

[59] Matias, M., Combe, M., Barbera, C., Mouquet, N. (2013). Ecological strategies shape the insurance potential of biodiversity. Frontiers in Microbiology 3: 1-9.

[58] Mouquet N., Gravel D., Massol F. and Calcagno V. (2013). Extending the concept of keystone species to communities and ecosystems. Ecology Letters, 16, 1-8.

[57] Matias M.G., Mouquet N. and Chase J.M. (2012).  Dispersal stochasticity mediates species richness in source–sink metacommunities. Oikos, 122, 395-402.


[56] Livingston G.,Matias W.M., Calcagno C., Barbera C., Combe M., Leibold M. & Mouquet N. (2012). Competition–colonization dynamics in experimental bacterial metacommunities. Nature Communication, 3, 1234.

[55] Poisot T., Canard E., Mouillot D., Mouquet N. Gravel D. (2012). The dissimilarity of species interaction networks. Ecology Letters, 15, 1353–1361.  suppl. mat.R package.

[54] Gravel D.*, Thomas Bell T., Claire Barbera C., Combe. M, Pommier T., and Mouquet N.* (2012). Phylogenetic constraints on ecosystem functioning. Nature Communication, 3, 1117. (* These authors contributed equally to this work)

[53] Mouquet N., Devictor V., Meynard C.N., Munoz F., Bersier L.F., Chave J., Couteron P., Dalecky A., Fontaine C., Gravel D., Hardy O.J., Jabot F., Lavergne S., Leibold M., Mouillot D., Munkemuller T., Pavoine S., Prinzing A., Rodrigues A.S.L., Rohr R.P., Thebault E. and Thuiller W. (2012). Ecophylogenetics: advances and perspectives. Biological Reviews, 87, 769–785.

[52] Canard E., Mouquet N., Marescot L., Gaston K.J., Gravel D. and Mouillot D. (2012). Emergence of Structural Patterns in Neutral Trophic Networks. PLoS ONE, 7, e38295.

[51] Meynard C.N., Mouillot D., Mouquet N. and Douzery E.J.P. (2012). A Phylogenetic Perspective on the Evolution of Mediterranean Teleost Fishes. PLoS ONE, 7, e36443.

[50] Bouvier T., Venail P., Pommier T.,Bouvier C., Barbera C., and Mouquet N. (2012). Contrasted Effects of Diversity and Immigration on Ecological Insurance in Marine Bacterioplankton Communities. PLoS ONE, 7, e37620.

[49] Poisot T., Canard E., Mouquet N. and Hochberg M.E. (2012). A comparative study of ecological specialization estimators. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 3, 537-544.

[48] Rolland J., Cadotte M.W., Davies J., Devictor V., Lavergne S., Mouquet N. , Pavoine S., Ana Rodrigues, Thuiller W., Turcati L., Winter M., Zupan L., Jabot F. and Morlon H. (2012). Using phylogenies in conservation: new perspectives Biology Letters, 8, 692-694


[47] Munkemuller T., de Bello F., Meynard C.N., Gravel D., Lavergne S., Mouillot D., Mouquet N. and Thuiller W. (2011). From diversity indices to community assembly processes: A test with simulated data. Ecography, 34, 001-013.

[46] Venail P.A., Kaltz O., Olivieri I., Pommier T. and Mouquet N. (2011). Diversification in temporally fluctuating environments: effect of the environmental grain in experimental bacterial populations. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 24, 2485-2495.

[45] Gravel D., Massol F., Canard E., Mouillot D. and Mouquet N. (2011). Trophic theory of island biogeography. Ecology Letters, 14, 1010-1016.

[44] Calcagno V., Massol F., Mouquet N., Jarne P. and David P. (2011). Constraints on food chain length arising from regional metacommunity dynamics. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Serie B, 278, 3042-3049.

[43] Logue J.B., Mouquet N., Hannes Peter H., Hillebrand H., and The Metacommunity Working Group*. (2011). Empirical approaches to metacommunities: a review and comparison with theory. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 26, 482-491. * Priscilla Declerck, Andreas Flohre, Stephan Gantner, Nils Gulzow, Paul Hortnagl, Sandra Meier and Bert Pecceu.

[42] Mouillot D., Albouy C., Guilhaumon F., Lasram F.B.R., Coll M., Devictor V., Meynard C.N., Pauly D., Tomasini J.A., Troussellier M., Velez L., Watson R., Douzery E.J.P. and Mouquet N. (2011). Protected and Threatened Components of Fish Biodiversity in the Mediterranean Sea. Current Biology, 21,1044-1050.

[41] Gravel D., Canard E., Guichard F. and Mouquet N. (2011). Persistence Increases with Diversity and Connectance in Trophic Metacommunities. PLoS ONE, 6(5): e19374.

[40] Mouquet N., Matthiessen B, Miller T, Gonzalez A (2011). Extinction Debt in Source-Sink Metacommunities. PLoS ONE 6(3): e17567.

[39] Meynard C.N., Devictor V., Mouillot D., Thuiller W., Jiguet F. and Mouquet N. (2011). Beyond taxonomic diversity patterns: how do alpha, beta and gamma components of bird functional and phylogenetic diversity respond to environmental gradients across France ? Global Ecology and Biogeograhy, 20, 893-903.

[38] Massol F., Gravel D., Mouquet N., Cadotte M.W., Fukami T. and Leibold M.A. (2011). Linking community and ecosystem dynamics through spatial ecology. Ecology Letters, 14, 313-323.

[37] Gravel D., Bell T., Barbera C., Bouvier T., Pommier T., Venail P. and Mouquet N. (2011). Experimental niche evolution alters the strength of the diversity-productivity relationship. Nature, 469,89-92.


[36] Lavergne S., Mouquet N., Thuiller W., and Ronce O. (2010). Biodiversity and Climate Change: Integrating Evolutionary and Ecological Responses of Species and Communities. The Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics , 41,321-350.

[35] Gravel D., Mouquet N., Loreau M., and Guichard F. (2010). Patch Dynamics, Persistence, and Species Coexistence in Metaecosystems. The American Naturalist, 176, 289-302.

[34] Gravel D., Guichard F., Loreau M. and Mouquet N. (2010). Source and sink dynamics in metaecosystems. Ecology, 91, 2172-2184.

[33] Devictor V., Mouillot D., Meynard C.N., Jiguet F., Thuiller W., and Mouquet N. (2010). Spatial mismatch and congruence between taxonomic, phylogenetic and functional diversity: the need for integrative conservation strategies in a changing world. Ecology Letters, 13, 1030-1040.

[32] Venail P.A., MacLean R.C., Meynard C.N., and Mouquet N. (2010). Dispersal scales up the biodiversity productivity relationship in an experimental source-sink metacommunity. Proc. R. Soc. B, 277, 2339-2345.

[31] Devictor V., Clavel J., Julliard R., Lavergne S., Mouillot D., Thuiller W., Venail P., Villeger S. and Mouquet N. (2010). Defining and measuring ecological specialization. Journal of Applied Ecology, 47, 14-25.

[30] Gonzalez A., Mouquet N., and Loreau M. (2009). Biodiversity as spatial insurance: the effects of habitat fragmentation and dispersal on ecosystem functioning. In: Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning and Ecosystem Services (eds. Naeem S, Bunker D, Hector A, Loreau M & Perrings C). Oxford University Press, Oxford.

[29] Mouquet N., Daufresne T., Gray S.M., and Miller T.E. (2008) Modelling the relationship between a pitcher plant (Sarracenia purpurea) and its phytotelma community: mutualism or parasitism? Functional Ecology. Appendix 1. Appendix 2.

[28] Venail P.A.*, MacLean R.C.*, Bouvier T., Brockhurst M.A., Hochberg M.E. and Mouquet N.* (2008) Functional Diversity and Productivity Peak at Intermediate Levels of Dispersal in Evolving Metacommunities. Nature, 452, 210-215. (* These authors contributed equally to this study).

[27] Miller T.E., Burns J.H., Munguia P., Walters E.L., Kneitel J.M., Richards P.M., Mouquet N. and Buckley H.L. (2007). Evaluating Support for the Resource-ratio Hypothesis: A response to Wilson et al. American Naturalist.5-707-708.

[26] Mouquet N., Miller T.E., Daufresne T., and Kneitel J.M., (2006). Consequences of varying regional heterogeneity in source sink metacommunities: a mechanistic model. Oikos, 113, 481-488.

[25] Gray S.M., Miller T.E., Mouquet N. and Daufresne T. (2006). Nutrient limitation in Sarracenia purpurea microcosms. Hydrobiologia, 573, 173-181.

[24] Calcagno V., Mouquet N., Jarne P., and David P. (2006). Coexistence in a metacommunity: the competition-colonization trade-off is NOT dead. Ecology Letters, 9, 897–907.

[23] Calcagno V., Mouquet N., Jarne P., and David P. (2006). Which immigration policy for optimal coexistence?. Ecology Letters, 9, 909-911.

[22] Mouillot D. and Mouquet N. (2006). Species richness peaks for intermediate levels of community biomass in a fractal succession process with quasi-neutral interactions. Oikos, 115, 349-357.

[21] Mouquet N., Belrose V., Thomas J.A., Elmes G.W., Clarke R.T., and Hochberg M.E. (2005). Conserving community modules: a case study of the endangered lycaenid butterfly Maculinea alcon. Ecology, 86, 3160-3173.

[20] Mouquet N., Thomas J.A., Elmes G.W., Clarke R.T., and Hochberg M.E. (2005). Population dynamics and conservation of a specialized predator: a case study of Maculinea arion. Ecological Monograph, 75, 525-542.

[19] Mouquet N., Hoopes M.F., and Amarasekare P. (2005). The world is patchy and heterogeneous! Trade-off and source sink dynamics in competitive metacommunities. In : Metacommunities: Spatial dynamics and ecological communities. Eds M. Holyoak, M A. Leibold and R. Holt. Chicago University Press.

[18] Holyoak M., Leibold M.A., Mouquet N., and Holt R.D. (2005). Metacommunities: A framework for large-scale community ecology. In : Metacommunities: Spatial dynamics and ecological communities. Eds M. Holyoak, M A. Leibold and R. D. Holt. Chicago University Press.

[17] Loreau M., Mouquet N., and Holt R.D. (2005). From metacommunities to meta-ecosystems. In : Metacommunities: Spatial dynamics and ecological communities. Eds M. Holyoak, M A. Leibold and R. D. Holt. Chicago University Press.

[16] Chase J., Amarasekare P., Cottenie K., Gonzalez A., Holt R., Holyoak M., Hoopes M.F, Law R., Leibold M.A., Loreau M., Mouquet N., Shurin J., and Tilman D. (2005). Competing theories for competitive metacommunities. In : Metacommunities: Spatial dynamics and ecological communities. Eds M. Holyoak, M A. Leibold and R. D. Holt. Chicago University Press.

[15] Clarke R.T., Mouquet N., Thomas J.A., Hochberg M.E., Elmes G.W., Tesar D., Singer A. and Hale J. (2005). Modelling the local population dynamics of Maculinea and their spatial interactions with their larval foodplant and Myrmica ant species. In: Studies on the Ecology and Conservation of Butterflies in Europe. Vol. 2: Species Ecology along a European Gradient: Maculinea Butterflies as a Model, J. Settele, E. Kuhn and J.A. Thomas (Eds) pp 115-119. Pensoft, Sofia.

[14] Miller T.E., Burns J.H., Munguia P., Walters E.L., Kneitel J.M., Richards P.M., Mouquet N. and Buckley H.L. (2005). A Critical Review of Twenty Years' Use of the Resource-ratio Theory. American Naturalist, 165, 439-448.

[13] Mouquet N., Leadley P., Meriget J. and Loreau M. (2004). Immigration and local competition in herbaceous plant communities: a three-year seed-sowing experiment. Oikos, 104, 77-90. Erratum.

[12] Amarasekare P., Hoopes M.F., Mouquet N., and Holyoak M. (2004). Mechanisms of coexistence in competitive metacommunities. American Naturalist, 164, 310-326.

[11] Leibold M.A., Holyoak M., Mouquet N., Amarasekare P., Chase J., Hoopes M., Holt R., Shurin J.B., Law R., Tilman D., Loreau M., and Gonzalez A. (2004). The metacommunity concept: A framework for multi-scale community ecology. Ecology letters, 7, 601-613.

[10] Mouquet N. and Loreau, M. (2003). Community patterns in source-sink metacommunities. American Naturalist, 162, 544-557.

[09] Mouquet N., Munguia P., Kneitel J.M. and Miller T.E. (2003). Community assembly time and the relationship between local and regional species richness. Oikos, 103, 618-626.

[08] Loreau M., Mouquet N. and Gonzalez A. (2003). Biodiversity as spatial insurance in heterogeneous landscapes. PNAS, 100, 12765-12770.

[07] Loreau M., Mouquet N. and Holt, R. (2003). Meta-ecosystems: a framework for a spatial ecosystem ecology. Ecology Letters, 6, 673-679.

[06] Mouquet N. and Loreau M. (2002) Coexistence in a metacommunity: The regional similarity hypothesis. American Naturalist, 159, 420-426.

[05] Mouquet N., Moore, J.L. and Loreau, M. (2002) Plant species richness and community productivity: Why the mechanism that promotes coexistence matters. Ecology Letters, 5, 56-66.

[04] Voituron Y., Mouquet N., deMazancourt C. et Clobert J. (2002). To freeze or not to freeze? An evolutionary perspective on the cold hardiness strategies of overwintering ectotherms. American Naturalist, 160, 255-270.

[03] Mouquet N., Mulder, G.S.E.E., Jansen V.A.A. and Loreau M. (2001). The properties of competitive communities with coupled local and regional dynamics. In : Dispersal: individual, population, community (Clobert, J. Danchin, E., Dhondt, A., and Nichols, J.D. Eds.): Oxford University Press, Oxford.

[02] Moore, J.L., Mouquet, N, Lawton J.H. and Loreau, M. (2001). Coexistence, saturation and invasion resistance in simulated plant assemblages. Oikos, 94, 303-314.

[01] Loreau M. and Mouquet N. (1999). Immigration and the maintenance of local species diversity. American Naturalist 154, pp. 427-440.

Popular scientific work

[04] Mouquet N., Gounand I. et Gravel D. (2010). Biodiversite et fonctionnement des ecosystemes : histoire d’un mariage mouvemente. Plume!, 13.

[03]Gravel D. et Mouquet N. (2010). Le genie de Darwin en bouteille. Mouton Noir, Mai-Juin.

[02]Gravel D., Gounand I. et Mouquet N. (2010). Le role de la diversite dans le fonctionnement des Ecosystemes. Ciencia Ambiente 39.

[01] Mouquet N., Gounand I. et Gravel D. (2010). Biodiversite et fonctionnement des ecosystemes. Regards et Debat sur la Biodiversite #3, SFE.